Aquest dies son dies d’aniversaris, dijous passat dia 13 van iniciar els actes de commemoracio del centenari del naixement del poeta, novelista i escriptor de teatre, l’ irlandes i premi Nobel de literatura Samuel Beckett. http://www.beckettcentenaryfestival.ie/default.asp Des de Catalans a Dublin estem preparant una sortida al teatre per anar a veure "Waiting for Godot" al The Gate Theatre del qual en va ser director.Per altra banda durant la setmana santa, a Irlanda hem estat commemorant justament que fa 90 anys, ciutadans normals i corrent d’aquest pais, van proclamar la Republica d’Irlanda durant l’aixequement de pasqua (Easter Rising) de 1916 contra els britanics:
At four minutes past noon on 24 April 1916 – Easter Monday – the proclamation of the Irish Republic was read from the steps of the General Post Office on Dublin’s O’Connell Street by Patrick Pearse.
The Easter Rebellion, was an armed uprising of Irish nationalists against the rule of Great Britain in Ireland. The uprising occurred on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, and centred mainly in Dublin. The chief objectives were the attainment of political freedom and the establishment of an Irish republic. Centuries of discontent, marked by numerous rebellions, preceded the uprising. The new crisis began to develop in September 1914, following the outbreak of World War I, when the British government suspended the recently enacted Home Rule Bill, which guaranteed a measure of political autonomy to Ireland. Suspension of the bill stimulated the growth of the Citizen Army, an illegal force of Dublin citizens organised by the labour leader Jim Larkin (died 194 and the socialist James Connolly (1870-1916); of the Irish Volunteers, a national defence body; and of the extremist Sinn F驮. The uprising was planned by leaders of these organisations, among whom were the British consular agent Sir Roger David Casement, the educator Padhraic Pearse (1879-1916), and the poet Thomas MacDonagh (1878-1916).
Hostilities began about noon on April 24, when about 2000 men led by Pearse seized control of the Dublin post office and other strategic points within the city. Shortly after these initial successes, the leaders of the rebellion proclaimed the Independence of Ireland and announced the establishment of a provisional government of the Irish Republic. Additional positions were occupied by the rebels during the night, and by the morning of April 25 they controlled a considerable part of Dublin. The counteroffensive by British forces began on Tuesday with the arrival of reinforcements. Martial law was proclaimed throughout Ireland. Bitter street fighting developed in Dublin, during which the strengthened British forces steadily dislodged the Irish from their positions. By the morning of April 29, the post office building, site of the rebel headquarters, was under violent attack. Recognising the futility of further resistance, Pearse surrendered unconditionally in the afternoon of April 29.
The British immediately brought the leaders of the uprising to trial before a field court-martial. Fifteen of the group, including Pearse, Connolly, and MacDonagh, were sentenced to death and executed by firing squad. Four others, including the American-born Eamon de Valera, received death sentences that were later commuted to life imprisonment, although de Valera and some others were granted amnesty the next year. Casement was convicted of treason and hanged. Many others prominently connected with the rebellion were sentenced to long prison terms. The uprising was the first of a series of events that culminated in the establishment of the Irish Free State (predecessor of the Republic of Ireland) in 1921. Casualties were about 440 British troops and an estimated 75 Irish (below are their names). Property damage included the destruction of about 200 buildings in Dublin.
The seven signatories of the Irish Proclamation :
Padraig Pearse, James Connolly, Thomas Clarke, Thomas MacDonagh, Sean MacDermott, Joseph Plunkett & Eamonn Ceannt
All of the above men were executed by the British Government for their efforts in trying to secure a free Ireland!
A casa nostra tambe hi ha hagut un aniversari important, fa 75 anys que Francesc Macià va proclamar la República Catalana des del balcó del Palau de la Generalitat, a la Plaça Sant Jaume de Barcelona, conseqüència del compliment del Pacte de Sant Sebastià firmat per representants dels diferents regionals de l’Estat, al 1930. Macià feu aquesta proclamació just després d’haver guanyat les eleccions que van donar una àmplia majoria a Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya. El govern espanyol impedí uns dies més tard el compliment efectiu d’aquesta declaració, i obligà al President Macià a retirar-la.
He pogut comprobar com els dos primers aniversaris es commemoraven tal i com toca, amb tots els merits per a les respectives persones. En canvi a casa nostra, un programa escarrancit per TVE3 i ja n’hi hya prou.
Quina vergonya!! Una mes senyores i senyors, una mes. Espero que els que llegeixin aquestes linies facin cas de les darrers paraules de la proclamacio de Macia:
Sapigueu fer-vos dignes de Catalunya.[@more@]